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This module encapsulates the access for the serial port. It provides backends for Python running on Windows, Linux, BSD (possibly any POSIX compliant system), Jython and IronPython (.NET and Mono). The module named "serial" automatically selects the appropriate backend.

It is released under a free software license, see LICENSE.txt for more details.
(C) 2001-2008 Chris Liechti

The project page on SourceForge and here is the SVN repository and the Download Page.
The homepage is on


  • same class based interface on all supported platforms
  • access to the port settings through Python 2.2+ properties
  • port numbering starts at zero, no need to know the port name in the user program
  • port string (device name) can be specified if access through numbering is inappropriate
  • support for different bytesizes, stopbits, parity and flow control with RTS/CTS and/or Xon/Xoff
  • working with or without receive timeout
  • file like API with "read" and "write" ("readline" etc. also supported)
  • The files in this package are 100% pure Python. They depend on non standard but common packages on Windows (pywin32) and Jython (JavaComm). POSIX (Linux, BSD) uses only modules from the standard Python distribution)
  • The port is set up for binary transmission. No NULL byte stripping, CR-LF translation etc. (which are many times enabled for POSIX.) This makes this module universally useful.


  • Python 2.2 or newer
  • pywin32 extensions on Windows
  • "Java Communications" (JavaComm) or compatible extension for Java/Jython


from source

Extract files from the archive, open a shell/console in that directory and let Distutils do the rest:
python install

The files get installed in the "Lib/site-packages" directory.


An EGG is available from the Python Package Index:
easy_install pyserial

windows installer

There is also a Windows installer for end users. It is located in the Download Page
Developers may be interested to get the source archive, because it contains examples and the readme.

Short introduction

Open port 0 at "9600,8,N,1", no timeout
>>> import serial
>>> ser = serial.Serial(0)  #open first serial port
>>> print ser.portstr       #check which port was really used
>>> ser.write("hello")      #write a string
>>> ser.close()             #close port
Open named port at "19200,8,N,1", 1s timeout
>>> ser = serial.Serial('/dev/ttyS1', 19200, timeout=1)
>>> x =          #read one byte
>>> s =        #read up to ten bytes (timeout)
>>> line = ser.readline()   #read a '\n' terminated line
>>> ser.close()
Open second port at "38400,8,E,1", non blocking HW handshaking
>>> ser = serial.Serial(1, 38400, timeout=0,
...                     parity=serial.PARITY_EVEN, rtscts=1)
>>> s =       #read up to one hundred bytes
...                         #or as much is in the buffer
Get a Serial instance and configure/open it later
>>> ser = serial.Serial()
>>> ser.baudrate = 19200
>>> ser.port = 0
>>> ser
Serial<id=0xa81c10, open=False>(port='COM1', baudrate=19200, bytesize=8, parity='N', stopbits=1, timeout=None, xonxoff=0, rtscts=0)
>>> ser.isOpen()
>>> ser.close()
>>> ser.isOpen()
Be carefully when using "readline". Do specify a timeout when opening the serial port otherwise it could block forever if no newline character is received. Also note that "readlines" only works with a timeout. "readlines" depends on having a timeout and interprets that as EOF (end of file). It raises an exception if the port is not opened correctly.
Do also have a look at the example files in the examples directory in the source distribution or online.


Please look in the SVN Repository. There is an example directory where you can find a simple terminal and more.

Parameters for the Serial class

ser = serial.Serial(
    port=None,              #number of device, numbering starts at
                            #zero. if everything fails, the user
                            #can specify a device string, note
                            #that this isn't portable anymore
                            #if no port is specified an unconfigured
                            #an closed serial port object is created
    baudrate=9600,          #baudrate
    bytesize=EIGHTBITS,     #number of databits
    parity=PARITY_NONE,     #enable parity checking
    stopbits=STOPBITS_ONE,  #number of stopbits
    timeout=None,           #set a timeout value, None for waiting forever
    xonxoff=0,              #enable software flow control
    rtscts=0,               #enable RTS/CTS flow control
    interCharTimeout=None   #Inter-character timeout, None to disable
The port is immediately opened on object creation, if a port is given. It is not opened if port is None.
Options for read timeout:
timeout=None            #wait forever
timeout=0               #non-blocking mode (return immediately on read)
timeout=x               #set timeout to x seconds (float allowed)

Methods of Serial instances

open()                  #open port
close()                 #close port immediately
setBaudrate(baudrate)   #change baudrate on an open port
inWaiting()             #return the number of chars in the receive buffer
read(size=1)            #read "size" characters
write(s)                #write the string s to the port
flushInput()            #flush input buffer, discarding all it's contents
flushOutput()           #flush output buffer, abort output
sendBreak()             #send break condition
setRTS(level=1)         #set RTS line to specified logic level
setDTR(level=1)         #set DTR line to specified logic level
getCTS()                #return the state of the CTS line
getDSR()                #return the state of the DSR line
getRI()                 #return the state of the RI line
getCD()                 #return the state of the CD line

Attributes of Serial instances

Read Only:
portstr                 #device name
BAUDRATES               #list of valid baudrates
BYTESIZES               #list of valid byte sizes
PARITIES                #list of valid parities
STOPBITS                #list of valid stop bit widths
New values can be assigned to the following attribues, the port will be reconfigured, even if it's opened at that time:

port                    #port name/number as set by the user
baudrate                #current baudrate setting
bytesize                #bytesize in bits
parity                  #parity setting
stopbits                #stop bit with (1,2)
timeout                 #timeout setting
xonxoff                 #if Xon/Xoff flow control is enabled
rtscts                  #if hardware flow control is enabled






Older Versions

Older versions are still available on the Download Page. pySerial 1.21 is compatible with Python 2.0 on Windows, Linux and several un*x like systems, MacOSX and Jython.
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